When creating a privileged user management system, you need to know the most important types out there. By doing so, your company will be more effective at managing employees and mitigating mistakes.
So here are the 7 most commonly known systems that are currently available. Find out which system your company operates in order to use it to your advantage:
Service Accounts: Service accounts can be a domain or local accounts that have been used by a service or application to interact within the operating system. Some cases, the service account will have a domain administrative privileges based on the application requirements. Local service accounts can work with a multitude of Windows components which makes it difficult to change passwords.
Domain Administrative Accounts
These accounts grant privileged access across all servers and workstations within the domain. While they might be small in number, they grant the most robust and extensive access across a network.
Since it allows for complete control over the ability to create a new administrative account or domain controllers, obtaining a compromise for credentials is usually a worst case scenario for any company.
Local Administrative Accounts
Nonpersonal accounts that give administrative access to the local instance or host only. Local admin accounts are used by IT staff to help repair the servers, mainframes, network devices, workstations, etc. Most of the time, they’ll have the same password for the entire organization to use. This shared password system makes your system a target for more advanced threats.
Active Directory Account
Alternatively known as a domain service account, password changing can become more difficult as it requires coordination across multiple systems. This leads to a common practice of changing account passwords which represents a large risk within an enterprise.
Emergency accounts give unprivileged users access to the system during an emergency and are considered to be “break glass” or “firecall” accounts. While the access to the accounts requires approval from management, this is usually an individual process that lacks audibility.
Accounts used to run scripts or batch jobs, or give a user access to other applications. These accounts tend to have broad access to confidential information that resides in databases and applications.
Passwords in these accounts are stored and embedded in unencrypted text files, an issue that’s repeated across multiple servers. This vulnerability is a significant issue for your organization since the apps have the data the APIS tend to target.
Privileged accounts are named credentials that gain administrative privilege in one or multiple systems. This is a common type of privileged user accounts created on an enterprise network.
This gives users administrative rights on the desktop or other systems that they manage. Most of the time, these accounts have complex passwords. And the power it has across privileged user management solution makes it necessary for you to monitor their usage.
Overall, a good privileged user management system requires your insight, vision, and ability to detect problems. When making one, test it with your employees to see if it works with your organization. Conclusively, make sure to fully utilize your system to ensure that your company is safe from attacks and unprivileged users!
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